Friday, March 1, 2019

Causes of the English Civil War Essay

Charles I came to the throne in 1625 after the final stage of his find, James I. His persist maintained some similarities with his fathers obtain. For instance, both Charles and James had really little money and both of them believed firmly in the Divine root of male monarchship1. During his sway, some events took place which led to the side Civil War in 1642 and which ended up with the public execution of Charles I. This essay will discuss and deal with the different factors that gave rise to the English Civil War. As was express above, one of the main problems of Charles reign was the lack of money and, undoubtedly, this was a nigh(a) reason for a cultivated war. Everything started when the fantan asked Charles to go to war with the Catholics in Spain.Charles did not stupefy the needed money to face this war and so he asked for assesses, the taxes were not enough and the war was impossible. This outraged the MPs that they knew that Charles would then call them back for help. fantan did not like Charles because they conceit he spent money only on his favourites so the King himself would progress to to find a panache to make money. Charles attempt some(prenominal) things such as enforcing taxes known as ship money2, merchandising monopolies and titles he besides created a Court of Star Chamber which was composed by1 The divine origin of kingship According to this doctrine, since only graven image can judge an un but king, the king can do no wrong. (Definition provided by http// 2 Nonparlia custodytary tax first levied in medieval measure by the English crown on coastal cities and counties for naval defense lawyers in time of war. (Definition provided by http// officials of the crown and which main mathematical function was to fine people heavily so as to raise money.As there was not a jury, this court would obv iously fulfill his expectations. parliament was really angry for the flagitious situation, so Charles decided to dissolve it. The reign continued for eleven years without a Parliament. He called a Parliament again just because he needed money. The Covenanters verbalised their desire to lodge in England and Charles did not have the sufficient money to fight them.The Parliament refused to arrest him money from the taxes and Charles dissolve it again. Eventually, as he was forced to pay a determined sum of money to the Scots, he called a Parliament again. He was destroyed economically. Undoubtedly, Charles poor economic manage and his bad decisions were closely colligate to the outbreak of the civil war. some other crucial cause was religion. These quarrels began when Charles married to Henrietta mare who was a French Catholic. Having a Catholic as a tabby cat was not accepted at all by English people, in particular by the Puritans.Things went worse when the King made William Laud the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1633. The Archbishop circumscribed many things in the Church. For instance, beatifying the Church and bringing back robes for priests, statues and stained-glass windows. Laud to a fault attempted to impose the English Prayer Book3 in Scotland. As Scotland was a Puritan (Presbytarian) country, they rioted against this Too Catholic Prayer Book and a radical of Scots, the Covenanters, decided to invade England as it was mentioned in the previous paragraph. After lay Laud on trial, the Parliament found him guilty.3 A book which stated how services should be run (Definition provided by http// Another major cause which led to the civil war was Charles personality. It may await not a fundamental cause comparing it with the above mentioned ones. Nonetheless, his way of thinking, his bad decisions, his conflicts with the MPs, his wifes bend and his contradictory and inconsistent reign also contributed to the ou tbreak of the civil war.During Charles reign, a distinction between a Short Parliament and a hanker Parliament can be made. The Short Parliament was called in 1640 by the King because the Scots rebelled and ascribable to his bad monetary situation, he needed to levy a tax to deal with them (only with the Parliaments consent could he do it). This parliament was summoned after eleven years of diarrhoea. Even though such dissolution was not constitutional, it was one of the Kings prerogatives. The MPs met the gentry and expressed their feeling of indignation to them.Harbottle Grimston and magic trick Pym led a catalogue of complaints. On May 5th in the same year, Charles dissolved the Parliament again blaming the malicious cunning of some few seditious affected men. Finally, Charles came to an agreement with the Scots of paying them 850 a day. On the other hand, the Long Parliament was summoned from November 3rd 1640 for thirteen years. Charles needed funds for the daily salary a nd for a final settlement with the Scots. In this Parliament, 493MPs were elected most of them were from the County Faction4. Parliament sent both Strafford and Laud to the Tower accusing them of bad influence on the King.Charles tried to calm things down signing Straffords death warrant, passing a bill that allowed for Parliament not to be dissolved without its own consent, a bill making ship money illegal and other bills that taken together demolished the framework of prerogative government. 4 MPs who tried to represent the views of the landowners. (Definition provided by http// The Irish rebelled in 1641 because of their Kings death. Definitely, the execution of Strafford had not been a good choice. John Pym issued the Militia Bill and the Grand Remonstrance5 .Subsequently, Charles decided to arrest him and his ringleaders, he tried to arrest five MPs but as they had been previously warned, Charles could not find them. As this was considered a breach of Parliamentary privileges by MPs, it just made things worse between them. And it was on 22nd August when the civil war started. To conclude, it cannot be stated that the most important cause of the English Civil War was unfair tax because, as was described, there were many factors which created a tense relationship between Parliament and the King. Unfair taxation was a really important cause. However, it was not the only possible factor. Religious, financial and management issues played an important role as well.People who adjoin the King also took an essential part in this big conflict. It also has to be recognized that when Charles came to the throne, things were not in good conditions. Neither his father nor Charles could manage their reigns properly. A civil war could not have been avoided unless Charles would have changed his mind and way of thinking but as he was natural with a belief in the Divine Origin of Kingship and did not have much knowledge about kingshi ps, it would have been very difficult to achieve. 5 It listed all the things Charles had done wrong in his reign, suggested less power for bishops, and tell that Parliament should have power over the Church and the appointment of over-embellished ministers. (Definition provided by http//

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