Saturday, April 13, 2019
Covent Garden Essay Example for Free
Covent tend EssayIn this quadrangle the Abbey or Convent of St. Peter, Westminster, maintained a large kitchen garden throughout the Middle Ages to provide its free-and-easy food. Over the next three centuries, the monks old convent garden became a major source of growth and vegetables in capital of the United Kingdom and was managed by a succession of leaseholders by grant from the Abbot of Westminster. This type of lease finally led to property disputes throughout the kingdom, which King Henry VIII solved in 1540 by the chance event of a pen when he dissolved the monasteries and appropriated their let down. King Henry VIII granted part of the land to John Russell, Baron Russell, Lord High Admiral, and later Earl of Bedford. In fulfilment of his fathers dying wish, King Edward VI bestowed the remainder of the convent garden in 1547 to his maternal uncle, Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset who began building Somerset House on the southeastward side of The Strand the next yea r. When Seymour was beheaded for treason in 1552, the land once again came into magnificent gift, and was awarded four months later to one of those who had contributed to Seymours downfall. Forty acres (160,000 m? ), known as le Covent garden plus the long acre, were granted by royal patent in perpetuity to the Earl of Bedford. edit 1600s to 1800sThe modern-day Covent Garden has its roots in the early seventeenth century when land (the Convents Garden) was redeveloped by Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford. The atomic number 18a was knowing by Inigo Jones, the first and greatest of English Renaissance architects. He was inspired by late fifteenth Century and early 16th century planned food market towns known as bastides (themselves modelled on popish colonial towns by way of nearby monasteries, of which Convent Garden was one). The area rapidly became a base for market traders, and following the Great Fire of London of 1666 which destroyed rival markets towards the east of the city, the market became the most in-chief(postnominal) in the country. Exotic items from around the world were carried on boats up the River Thames and sold on from Covent Garden.The first credit rating of a Punch and Judy show in Britain was recorded by diarist Samuel Pepys, who saw much(prenominal) a show in the square in May 1662. Today Covent Garden is the only part of London licensed for street entertainment. In 1830 a grand building reminiscent of the Roman baths such as those found in Bath was built to provide a more permanent trading centre. edit modern-day day period By the end of the 1960s, traffic congestion in the surrounding area had reached such a level that the use of the square as a market, which required increasingly large lorries for deliveries and distribution, was proper unsustainable. The whole area was threatened with complete redevelopment.Following a public outcry, in 1973 the Home Secretary, Robert Carr, gave piles of buildings around the square liste d building status, preventing redevelopment. The following year the market finally moved to a raw site (called the New Covent Garden Market) about three miles south-west at Nine Elms. The square languished until its primal building re-opened as a shopping centre and tourist attr kneadion in 1980. Today the shops generally sell novelty items. More serious shoppers gravitate to Long Acre, which has a range of clothes shops and boutiques, and Neal Street, storied for its large number of shoe shops. Londons Transport Museum and the rear entrance to the Royal Opera House are also located on the Piazza.The marketplace and Royal Opera House were memorably brought together in the opening of George Bernard Shaws play, Pygmalion, where Professor Higgins is waiting for a cab to take him home from the opera when he comes crosswise Eliza Doolittle selling flowers in the market. In the mid 1950s, before he directed such films as If and O Lucky Man, Lindsay Anderson directed a short film about the daily activities of the Covent Garden market called all(prenominal) Day Except Christmas. It shows 12 hours in the life of the market and market people, now long bypast from the area, but it also reflects three centuries of tradition in the operation of the daily fruit and vegetable market.Alfred Hitchcocks 1972 film, Frenzy, also takes place amongst the pubs and fruit markets of Covent Garden. The serial sex killer in Frenzy is a local fruit vendor, and the film features several blackly comic moments suggesting a metaphorical correlation between the consumption of food and the act of rape-murder. Hitchcock was the son of a Covent Garden merchant and grew up in the area and so, the film was partly conceived (and marketed) as a semi-nostalgic return to the neighbourhood of the directors childhood. Supermodel Naomi Campbell was also discovered by a model scout at the age of 15 whilst walking through the streets of Covent Garden.